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Aging in Maine

Special Needs Planning

special needs planning

What is Special Needs Planning?

If you have a child, sibling, parent, spouse, or other loved one who is physically, mentally, or developmentally disabled whether from birth, illness, injury, or drug abuse he or she may be entitled to valuable government benefits (SSI and/or Medicaid) now or in the future. Unfortunately, most of these benefits are available only to those with very limited means.

As a result, you may find yourself faced with a difficult choice. If you leave a substantial inheritance to your special needs person, he/she will be disqualified from receiving government benefits that may be crucial for his/her care. On the other hand, you may not want to have to disinherit him/her in order to preserve these benefits.

Fortunately, a special needs trust will keep you from having to make this wrenching decision.

A special needs trust must be very specific in stating that its purpose is to supplement government benefits, to provide only benefits or luxuries above and beyond the benefits the special needs beneficiary receives from any local, state, federal, or private agencies.

It is critical that the trust does not duplicate any government-provided services and that this beneficiary not have any resemblance of ownership of the trust assets. Otherwise, the government could attempt to seize the trust assets for repayment of services already provided or determine that the special needs beneficiary does not qualify for future benefits.

To accomplish this, you will need to give the trustee complete control over the distribution of the assets and any income they generate; the special needs beneficiary cannot be able to demand any principal or interest from the trust. Give careful consideration to your choice for trustee.

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